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WHILBR - Western Maryland

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World War I in Western Maryland

When the United States declared war on Germany April 6, 1917, men from Allegany, Garrett and Washington counties joined the American Expeditionary Forces to fight in France. Women from the three counties joined the Red Cross, Army or Navy as nurses.  They joined other volunteers and conscriptees heading off to training camps and for …

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World War I in Western Maryland

The Story of the Potomac Refining Company, Washington County

The Story of the Potomac Refining Company, as researched and reported by Andrew Clemens, is either a story of  masterful deceit or gross ineptitude. With the launching nationwide of advertising campaigns like "Sixty Dollars a Second" and "The Business That Makes Millionaires", the officers of the Potomac Refining Company attempted to …

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The Story of the Potomac Refining Company, Washington County
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Washington County Maps 1983

The Washington County Map Book features hand drawn maps by John Frye for all of Washington County, Maryland. Each map block is broken down into more detailed images of roads, land ownership, state and county lines, and major rivers or creeks. The descriptions and locations listed for the map blocks are based off of the Washington County …

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Washington County Maps 1983

United States Colored Troops buried in Washington County, Maryland

The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were composed of African American soldiers who joined the Union Army to fight in the Civil War.  In Washington County, Maryland, no African Americans fought in battles at home, at the Battle of Antietam, South Mountain, Hancock or the various skirmishes as the Confederates headed south after the …

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United States Colored Troops buried in Washington County, Maryland
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Reminiscences of Sharpsburg - John Philemon Smith

Reminiscences of Sharpsburg, Washington County, Maryland.
From the date of its formation -
July 9, 1763
To the present time
Jan. 1st. 1912.

The whole compiled from the testimony of its Oldest Inhabitants and from Documents on Record

By John Philemon Smith.


John Philemon Smith, a venerable and widely known teacher in the county and local …

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Reminiscences of Sharpsburg - John Philemon Smith

Buena Vista Ice Company, Washington County, Maryland

The Buena Vista Ice Company was created by Thaddeus A. Wastler in 1900 after the land was sold to him due to a settlement of his father-in-law’s (Samuel T Royer) estate. Wastler first constructed two lakes; the lower, larger lake being named after Royer. When the lakes were completed, the construction of eleven massive ice houses …

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Buena Vista Ice Company, Washington County, Maryland

Lefty Grove, Pitcher from Lonaconing, Allegany County

 

Lefty Grove

Robert Moses Grove, known in baseball circles as Lefty Grove, was born in Lonaconing, Allegany County, Maryland in 1900. He went on to win the first Most Valuable Player (MVP) trophy awarded to an American League player by the Baseball Writers Association of America in 1931 and was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in …

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Lefty Grove, Pitcher from Lonaconing, Allegany County
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World War II veterans, Washington County, Md.

Washington County residents in World War II, like the rest of the nation, enlisted to serve. According to research conducted by Thomas Cochran, using Maryland in World War II: Register of service personnel, published by the Maryland Historical Society in 1965, there were 7875 service members from Washington County, Maryland from …

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World War II veterans, Washington County, Md.

Civil War Diary of William H. Perkins, from Hancock

Introduction by Kay Melby of Hagerstown 

When I was a girl growing up, I heard stories of my great-grandfather, William Henry Perkins.  He was the father of my grandmother, Lillian Perkins Jenkins, who lived with us ten years after my grandfather died. William H. Perkins, MD was a physician in Hancock, MD and a "country doctor" who …

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Civil War Diary of William H. Perkins, from Hancock
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Silk Mill, Lonaconing, Allegany County, 1907-1957

Lonaconing Silk Mill

The silk mill in Lonaconing, Allegany County, was in operation from 1907-1957. Construction of the Klotz Throwing Mill Company was begun in 1905. Initially, silk was imported from Japan and China and the factory produced silk thread and, during World War II, rayon. In the 1920s the payroll included over 300 people, …

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Silk Mill, Lonaconing, Allegany County, 1907-1957

The Way We Worked - Allegany and Garrett counties

The Way We Worked is a Smithsonian traveling exhibition that will be displayed February 2017 in Allegany County, Maryland. The Western Maryland Heritage Association is presenting exhibitions about ‘the way we worked’ at six locations in Allegany County in conjunction with Maryland Humanities and the Smithsonian. The Allegany Museum …

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The Way We Worked  - Allegany and Garrett counties

Mill records, David Fouch, Washington County, 1878-1884

Sharpsburg District cemeteriesSamuel Webster Piper visited all the known cemeteries in Washington County, Maryland, between 1936 and 1941, drawing up a list of the names of the deceased on the cemetry markers. His hand-written list was typed up by the members of the Conococheague Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revloution (DAR) beginning in 1942. A copy of …

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Trip through Western Maryland, 1884, Dwight and Walter Biscoe

In 1884 two academics from Ohio journeyed through the Civil War battlefields of West Virginia and Maryland. Dwight and Walter Biscoe, teachers at Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio, took photographs of their journey, recording not only the location, but the time of day, and their camera settings.  

 

The photographs in this collection …

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About the collections



Garrett, Allegany and Washington counties in Western Maryland have a rich and diverse history.  View images from the collections of the libraries, historical societies and individuals in the three counties.  There are photographs, newspaper articles and indexes, rare books and more. 

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