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WHILBR - Western Maryland's Historical Library

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World War I in Western Maryland

On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson went before a joint session of Congress to request a declaration of war against Germany. Wilson cited Germany’s violation of its pledge to suspend unrestricted submarine warfare in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean, as well as its attempts to entice Mexico into an alliance against the …

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World War I in Western Maryland

World War II veterans, Washington County, Md.

Washington County residents in World War II, like the rest of the nation, enlisted to serve. According to research conducted by Thomas Cochran, using Maryland in World War II: Register of service personnel, published by the Maryland Historical Society in 1965, there were 7875 service members from Washington County, Maryland from …

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World War II veterans, Washington County, Md.
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B-52 bomber crash in Western Maryland, 1964

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A B-52 bomber with a crew of five and two thermonuclear bombs on it crashed in a snow storm on Big Savage Mountain, near Grantsville, Garrett County, on January 13, 1964. The result was a massive search for the location of the plane, and for the crew, four of whom had ejected from the plane. The military were heavily …

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B-52 bomber crash in Western Maryland, 1964

The Ransom of Hagerstown, 1864

On July 5, 1864 Brigadier General John McCausland of the Confederate States of America marched towards Hagerstown, the county seat of Washington County, Maryland and a transportation hub. Merchants fled from the town with what supplies they could carry and the Market House became the Confederate headquarters.

McCausland then demanded a …

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The Ransom of Hagerstown, 1864
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Fred Johnson, World War II 8th Air Force

Fred Johnson from Allentown, Pennsylvania enlisted in the Air Force shortly after war was declared. In 1943 he began training in Miami, then Springfield, Ohio; Santa Monica, California; Las Vegas, Nevada; Lincoln, Nebraska; and Sioux City, Iowa, before finally flying to Great Ashfield, England in December 1944. He flew in several …

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Fred Johnson, World War II 8th Air Force

About the collections



Garrett, Allegany and Washington counties in Western Maryland have a rich and diverse history.  View images from the collections of the libraries, historical societies and individuals in the three counties.  There are photographs, newspaper articles and indexes, rare books and more. 

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